Submit Feedback. Facts Matter. Justice Elena Kagan was recused. Pete Williams. Bakke decision. She argued that the Top Ten plan did enough to increase minority enrollment and create a racially diverse campus. Legislation similar to Proposition was subsequently proposed in other states and was passed in Washington in Supreme Court on Thursday upheld the affirmative action program at the University of Texas at Austin, ending a protracted legal battle.
Affirmative action, effort in the United States to improve employment or educational opportunities for members of The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
University of Texas at Austin, legal case, decided on June 23,in which the of Texas at Austin, which incorporated a limited program of affirmative action.
Affirmative action definition is - an active effort to improve the employment or educational its way up to the Supreme Court, where affirmative action was last examined in : Encyclopedia article about affirmative action.
Thank you for your feedback.
This site will not display correctly in IE 6 and 7, please update IE or use a different browser. The federal government began to institute affirmative action policies under the landmark Civil Rights Act of and an executive order in Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Facts Matter. Background Information Affirmative action is an outcome of the 's Civil Rights Movement, intended to provide equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment.
Kew gardens underground map tube
|Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!
Affirmative Action Definition of Affirmative Action by MerriamWebster
Brian Duignan Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. After the appeals court upheld the program a second time, the Supreme Court affirmed that decisiondetermining that strict scrutiny had been satisfied. But the justices instructed an appeals court to review whether considering an applicant's race was necessary to achieving it. Kennedy wrote in the majority opinion for the court.
(). In Encyclopædia Britannica. on May 12, Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Liptak, A.
(, June 23). Supreme Court upholds affirmative action program at the university of texas. “Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation in and upholding certain kinds of affirmative action.
Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Sometimes quota systems were used in school admission and job hiring, a policy that was denounced by some nonblacks as reverse discrimination.
Video: Affirmative action encyclopedia britannica 2016 One Factor Among Many? The Future of Affirmative Action
Facts Matter. Toggle navigation.
Affirmative action encyclopedia britannica 2016
|Two years later a fragmented court upheld a federal law requiring that 10 percent of funds for public works be allotted to qualified minority contractors.
Subsequently, affirmative action was broadened to cover women and Native Americans, Hispanics, and other minorities and was extended to colleges and universities and state and federal agencies.
Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin law case Britannica
Background Information Affirmative action is an outcome of the 's Civil Rights Movement, intended to provide equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment. To fill the remaining slots, about one fourth of each entering class, the school considers several other factors, including an applicant's race. Supreme Court affirmed 4—3 a ruling of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals that had upheld the undergraduate admissions policy of the University of Texas at Austinwhich incorporated a limited program of affirmative action with the aim of increasing racial and ethnic diversity among its students.
Sources Affirmative action.